The Netherlands is a country in the North-West of Europe. It has implemented deaccessioning and disposal as tool over 20 years ago.
It now has a law formalizing deaccessioning and has developed its third guideline on deaccessioning in 2016. Next to this, it has developed other tools, such as collections assessment tools and a digital database for museums to present their to be disposed objects. It certainly adheres to the pragmatic way of thinking the Anglo-Saxon tradition does.
Country details for The Netherlands
Number of residents:
Number of museums:
Legislation, Guidelines, Other tools, and Accreditation scheme
Heritage law 2016 -§4.17 - 4.21 describe the process of deaccessioning and disposal
Article 4.17. Announcement of intention to alienate 1 A proposed decision to alienate a cultural object or a collection shall be announced by Our Minister, the Provincial Executive or the Municipal Executive in a manner specified by Our Minister. 2 The announcement contains at least a description of the cultural object or collection, a justification of the intended disposal and a notification or advice is requested as referred to in Article 4.18. 3 Insofar as no advice is requested as referred to in Article 4.18, anyone can submit visions to the Provincial Executive, the Provincial Executive or the Municipal Executive for a period of six weeks after the day on which the intention is announced to Our Minister, or the aldermen or aldermen. collection of special cultural-historical or scientific significance and is irreplaceable and indispensable for Dutch cultural heritage. 4 During the period referred to in the third paragraph, no alienation of the cultural property or collection will take place. After this period, submitted views are assessed by Our Minister, the Provincial Executive and the Municipal Executive respectively and, if necessary, advice is requested as referred to in Article 4.18.
Article 4.18. Advice on alienation cultural property or collection A decision on the alienation of a cultural good or collection shall be requested by our Minister, the Provincial Executive, the Municipal Executive or the competent body of another public-law legal person to a committee of independent experts if:
a. it can reasonably be presumed that the cultural object or the collection has special cultural-historical or scientific significance and is irreplaceable and indispensable for Dutch cultural heritage; and
b. alienation is considered by a party other than the State, a province, a municipality, or another legal entity governed by public law.
Article 4.19. Scope advice The committee advises on whether the intended disposal concerns a cultural good or collection of special cultural-historical or scientific significance that is irreplaceable and indispensable for Dutch cultural heritage.
Article 4.20. Advisory Committee 1 The committee consists of at least three members, including the chairman. 2 The expertise of the committee also relates to the specific characteristics of the cultural heritage or the collection that is being asked for advice. 3 The members do not perform work for the public legal entity concerned other than on account of the membership of the committee. Otherwise, these members have no interests or functions that could compromise the independence of their contribution or the confidence in that independence.
Article 4.21. Obligation to inform Minister If the committee’s advice is intended to be a cultural good or collection of special cultural-historical or scientific significance that is irreplaceable and indispensable for Dutch cultural heritage, it will be reported to Our Minister, stating a copy of the advice. made by the Provincial Executive, the Mayor and Aldermen or the competent body of another public-law legal entity at least thirteen weeks prior to the transfer of a transfer to a party other than the State, a province, municipality or other legal entity under public law.
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