Deaccessioning in the United Kingdom
The UK has been one of the frontrunners regarding the development of deaccessioning and disposal tools.
The latest guideline (Disposal Toolkit) was published in 2014. It came with an appendix on financially motivated disposal. This was due to the fact that the past years, unethical disposal with profit as main goal became a trend. With the appendix, the British Museums Association tried to regulate this.
On a legislative level, there is quite some information available. However, the scope of these laws only covers national museums. Museums owned or subsidized by other governmental levels, are not obliged to follow national legislation.
Country details for United Kingdom
|Official name:||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland|
|Number of residents:||60 million|
|Number of museums:||1,732|
|Parameters:||Legislation, Guidelines, Other tools, and Accreditation scheme|
Deaccessioning possibilities in the UK:
The UK has legislation on deaccessioning in the
Museums and Galleries Act of 1992 Chapter 4: Acquisition and disposal of pictures and other objects
The UK has developed multiple versions of its Disposal Toolkit:
Appendix on financially motivated disposal 2014
Most museums have their own policies on deaccessioning and disposal.
The British Museums Association has developed the website Find an Object, for museums to present their proposed disposals.
Individual museums are working on collection review methods.
The UK has no national classification system for museum objects.
NATIONAL REGISTER OBJECTS
The UK has no national register of museum objects.
The UK has a museum Accreditation Scheme, administered by the Arts Council.
The scheme states that: ‘The museum must have an approved policy for developing collections (also known as an acquisition and disposal policy). The policy must include: 2.2.1 Statement of purpose 2.2.2 Overview of current collections 2.2.3 Future themes and collecting 2.2.4 Themes and priorities for rationalisation and disposal 2.2.5 Information on the legal framework for acquisition and disposal’