Classification systems

Classification means the process of granting an object a special protected status, prohibiting any deaccessioning or disposal without explicit consent of a higher body.

Countries with a Classification system

 

Classification systems and deaccessioning

There are 10 countries in Europe that work with the concept of classifying museum objects. The inalienation of museum objects collides with the classification of all museum objects (that is used in France, Spain, Italy, Greece and Romania)

Although all laws use slightly different descriptions to describe a classified object, a general definition is that a classified object holds a high national value (whether it be artistic, historical, cultural, social, scientific or technical) and is, thus, irreplaceable.

The declaration of a classified object is executed by different institutions in every country.

Countries with an Classification system

Country Classification system
Belgium

Belgium has no national classification scheme


Czech Republic

The Czech Republic works with a classification system of museum objects.


France

France has a classification system for museum objects. All objects that enter a museum inventory are directly classified.


Greece

Greece has a classification system for museum objects


Hungary  

Hungary has a classification scheme for museum objects.


Italy

Italy has a national classification system for museum objects, called the declaration of cultural interest.

Legislative Decree 22 January 2004, n. 42 Code of cultural heritage and landscape, in accordance with article 10 of the law of 6 July 2002 §11-15


Portugal

Portugal has a classification system for museum objects, found in the

Fundamental Law on Portuguese cultural heritage SectionII


Romania

Romania has a classification system for museum objects.

Classification


Slovenia

Slovenia has a classification system for museum objects. It can proclaim cultural monuments by the Law on the protection on cultural heritage

§19 Proclamation of a moving monument


Spain

Spain works with a system of declared goods of cultural interest. All museum objects are automatically declared of cultural interest.


2018-01-05T15:18:24+00:00

About the Author:

Dieuwertje Wijsmuller (Baarn, 1981) is a Dutch museologist, specialized in deaccessioning and disposal practices. With her company CreativeCultureConsultancy she supports museums, city councils and private (corporate) collections in collection management issues. She believes that processes such as deaccessioning and disposal should be executed on a transparent and responsible way and supports institutions in implementing such processes.