Classification means the process of granting an object a special protected status, prohibiting any deaccessioning or disposal without explicit consent of a higher body.
Countries with a Classification system
Classification systems and deaccessioning
There are 10 countries in Europe that work with the concept of classifying museum objects. The inalienation of museum objects collides with the classification of all museum objects (that is used in France, Spain, Italy, Greece and Romania)
Although all laws use slightly different descriptions to describe a classified object, a general definition is that a classified object holds a high national value (whether it be artistic, historical, cultural, social, scientific or technical) and is, thus, irreplaceable.
The declaration of a classified object is executed by different institutions in every country.
Countries with an Classification system
Belgium has no national classification scheme
The Czech Republic works with a classification system of museum objects.
France has a classification system for museum objects. All objects that enter a museum inventory are directly classified.
Greece has a classification system for museum objects
Hungary has a classification scheme for museum objects.
Italy has a national classification system for museum objects, called the declaration of cultural interest.
Portugal has a classification system for museum objects, found in the
Romania has a classification system for museum objects.
Slovenia has a classification system for museum objects. It can proclaim cultural monuments by the Law on the protection on cultural heritage
Spain works with a system of declared goods of cultural interest. All museum objects are automatically declared of cultural interest.